Patient Safety Assessment Tools 


The healthcare domain consists mainly of patient safety. Kizer described patient safety culture as follows: “[...] an integrated pattern of individual and organizational behaviour, based upon shared beliefs and values, that continuously seeks to minimize patient harm that may result from the processes of care delivery” (1999).

Safety Attitudes Questionnaire available from the University of Texas:
SAQ: Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (University of Texas webpage)
There are many versions of this survey, but all versions measure the same six factors: teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, stress recognition, perceptions of management, and working conditions. 

Patient Safety Surveys available from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ):
AHRQ "Surveys on Patient Safety Culture" Webpage
There are 5 surveys available: hospital survey, medical office survey, nursing home survey, community pharmacy survey, and ambulatory surgery center survey.

Survey available from Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS):
HCAHPS "Survey Instruments" Webpage
This survey was developed to provide a standard tool for comparing patient safety and as a means to collect data to improve hospitals.

Health Professional Education in Patient Safety Survey (HPEPSS)
Please contact Liane Ginsburg at:
The HPEPSS was designed at York University, and the most recently published version is from 2010. This survey is available for public use, yet psychometric properties of this scale are elusive. It contains 38 items that seem to measure a wide variety of factors: safe practices, teamwork, communication, managing risks, human/environmental factors, close calls, and overall safety culture.

MSI: Modified Stanford Instrument Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire available from York University:
The latest version of this survey was published in 2010; development of this scale was funded by the Canadian Patient Safety Institute.  This survey is "used to measure staff perceptions of patient safety culture in healthcare organizations" and takes into account seven aspects of safety culture: overall safety climate, response to errors, rewards and recognition, shame, blame, frequency of safety behaviours, human error, and punitive response to errors.

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